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COVID-19: Frequently Asked Questions for Midwives

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the way that midwifery care is provided. The College understands that midwives have questions related to their professional obligations considering the pandemic and provincial recommendations and directives issued or revoked. We will continue to provide you with appropriate guidance to help navigate these changes. 

These frequently asked questions are regularly updated when the College has new information to share.

What care can midwives provide during the COVID-19 pandemic?

The College expects midwives to use their knowledge, skills, and judgment, and follow provincial best practices to determine what care they can provide during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

If providing care remotely, midwives should continue to document their findings and recommendations in the midwifery record. Health Quality Ontario has developed draft clinical guidance for health care professionals providing care remotely. When practising remotely, midwives should continue to document their findings in accordance with College standards and take every reasonable precaution to protect the confidentiality and privacy of their clients’ personal health information in accordance with the Personal Health Information Protection Act (PHIPA).

For more guidance on PHIPA, please see the College’s Guide on Compliance with the Personal Health Information Protection Act.

What if a midwife can’t meet a standard of practice during the pandemic?

Midwives remain accountable and responsible for clients in their care and their professional decisions and actions must be justifiable at all times. The College recognizes that in these challenging times midwives may not be able to meet all College standards and that there may be a need to adjust their practice to be able to provide appropriate care to their clients and newborns.

It is therefore important that if midwives cannot meet a standard of the profession, they must ensure that their clients receive the best care possible in the current circumstances and document the rationale for any decisions they make.

In some cases, midwives will know in advance that they cannot meet a particular standard. One example of this is when midwives cannot meet the Second Birth Attendant Standard because they plan to work with second birth attendants who do not have a current certificate in Neonatal Resuscitation or an obstetrical emergency skills program. In this example, midwives may apply for a waiver from these requirements of the Second Birth Attendant Standard because of extenuating circumstances (e.g., if courses in NRP or obstetrical emergency skills are not being offered). More information on the waiver policy, including the Application for a Waiver of Standards, is available on the College’s website. Any questions about waivers can be directed to

Midwives should exercise professional judgment, in every situation, to provide care that is in their clients’ best interest within the limits of their competence and the midwifery scope of practice that is in line with any directive or current guidance available from Public Health, the Ministry of Health, and the hospitals of which they hold privileges at.

What are the requirements around mask-wearing for midwifery clients during the COVID-19 pandemic?

The College of Midwives of Ontario, as a health care regulator, does not have a policy regarding mask wearing for midwifery clients but does require midwives follow current best practice for infection prevention and control. There is no longer a Ministry directive requiring all individuals wear masks in health care settings however there remain recommendations regarding clients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19.

Midwives must work in accordance with the rules set by each of the locations where they practise, including their midwifery practice group policies, institutional policies (e.g., hospitals), and community standards. Some of these locations may have implemented their own rules regarding mask-wearing for clients that midwives will be required to follow.

How should midwives communicate information to clients about the pandemic?

Midwives are reminded to rely on verifiable evidence-based information from reliable sources when communicating with their clients in person and/or on social media platforms about issues related to the pandemic.

The College’s Professional Standards for Midwives provides a framework for decision-making in a wide range of situations. This includes offering treatments based on the current and accepted evidence and resources available. 

What COVID-19 tests are midwives authorized to perform?

Midwives are permitted to perform some, but not all, tests for COVID-19.

  • Midwives are not permitted to perform nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs and deep nasal swabs on their own authority as they require the performance of the controlled act of “putting an instrument, hand or finger beyond the point in the nasal passages where they normally narrow. Under the Midwifery Act, 1991, midwives do not have the authority to perform this controlled act. Midwives are only permitted to perform these tests under delegation if they have the knowledge, skills, and judgment to safely do so.
  • Midwives are permitted to perform anterior nasal swabs and throat swabs, as they do not require the performance of a controlled act. Midwives must only perform these tests if they have the appropriate training to do so and must follow Public Health recommendations for testing.
  • Midwives are permitted to perform point-of-care tests to diagnose COVID-19 in accordance with General Regulation 45/22. A point-of-care test is defined in the regulation as a test that employs a medical device authorized by the Minister of Health (Canada) for point-of-care use. To be considered point-of-care testing, the specimen being tested must be taken from the human body such as blood, urine or amniotic fluid.

Can midwives administer the COVID-19 vaccination?

A change to the Controlled Acts Regulation (O. Reg. 107/96) permits midwives to administer the COVID-19 vaccine without delegation or an order, as long as they do so in a facility that has an agreement the Minister of Health related to the administration of the COVID-19 vaccine AND a regulated health care provider from the following Colleges is on the premises and available to them:

  • College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario
  • College of Nurses of Ontario
  • Ontario College of Pharmacists (and provider is a Part A pharmacist).

In all other situations, a midwife may only administer the COVID-19 vaccine under delegation for a client that is not in the midwifery scope of practice, or on the order of a health care provider authorized to administer it (e.g., nurse or physician). This is because the vaccine for COVID-19 is not a substance designated in the Designated Drugs Regulation (O. Reg. 884/93). 

Can midwives order COVID-19 testing?

Midwives are authorized to order, for midwifery clients and their newborns, laboratory testing for COVID-19, as it is considered “virus isolation” in Schedule 2 of the General Regulation (O.Reg. 45/22) under the Laboratories and Specimen Collection Centre Licensing Act, 1990.

I am a retired midwife, but I’d like to help out during this pandemic, what are my options?

The Ministry of Health issued a call out seeking members of the public, including health care providers who are inactive or retired, to assist with provincial efforts to stop the spread of COVID-19. If you are interested in submitting your application, please click here

Are vaccines against COVID-19 mandatory for midwives?

Vaccines continue to play an important role in protection against COVID-19. The College strongly encourages all eligible midwives to get vaccinated though there is not a provincial mandate to do so. The Ministry of Health also does not require health care providers in hospitals be vaccinated but is strongly encouraging hospitals to integrate COVID-19 vaccination policies into their existing policies and procedures.

Midwives who lose their hospital privileges as a result of vaccination policies will have a difficult time meeting the College’s Professional Standards 18 and 19, which require midwives to offer and provide clients with their choice of birthplace. A midwife who is unable to provide hospital births must promptly inform their clients of this fact. If the client chooses a hospital birth at any time during their care, the midwife must transfer them to another midwife for care in the hospital setting. If there are no other midwives to provide this care to their client, the midwife is not able to meet the College’s Professional Standards. Failing to maintain a standard of the profession is an act of professional misconduct under the Professional Misconduct Regulation.

If a midwife is asked about their vaccination status as it relates to their work role, are they required to disclose?

Disclosing your immunization status for COVID-19 is a personal decision, as it is personal health information that is covered under the Personal Health Information Protection Act. However, certain situations may arise where a midwife has a professional obligation to make a disclosure in the interest of client and public safety. 

If there is a realistic possibility of COVID-19 transmission to a client that would be mitigated if the midwife were vaccinated, there may be a duty for the midwife to proactively notify the client of their immunization status.

Regarding mandatory disclosure to an employer or workplace, the College cannot offer legal advice. That is an employment law issue, for which a midwife should obtain advice from their lawyer. The College can only provide information related to the legislative framework and professional standards midwives must consider when maintaining their professional obligations. 

The College of Midwives is not currently requesting or expecting disclosure of a registered midwife’s COVID-19 status or immunization status to the College. This would likely only change if directed by the Government or the Chief Medical Officer of Health. 

Can a client refuse to see a midwife because they will not disclose personal vaccination information?

Yes. If a client wishes to have their care transferred either because a midwife declines to disclose their immunization status, or because they disclose that they have not received a vaccination for COVID, the midwife should make an effective, courteous, and prompt referral to another midwife or physician in accordance with the Professional Standards for Midwives.

All information from the College relating to the COVID-19 pandemic can be found here.